Academic Resouce Related to "Essentials of Organization Behaviour" (BBA/ MBA/ PGDBM/ M.Com)

LEADERSHIP

Leadership is a process by which an executive can direct, guide and influence the behavior and work of others towards accomplishment of specific goals in a given situation. Leadership is the ability of a manager to induce the subordinates to work with confidence and zeal.

According to Keith Davis, “Leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically. It is the human factor which binds a group together and motivates it towards goals.”


STYLES OF LEADERSHIP


 Autocratic or Authoritative Style do what I say?

    It is also known as leader centered style. Under this style of leadership there is complete centralization of authority in the leader i.e., authority is centered in the leader himself. He has all the powers to take decisions. He designs the work-load of his employees and exercise tight control over them. The subordinates are bound to follow his order and directions. 

 ADVANTAGES
 (i) Autocratic leadership style permits quick decision-making.
(ii) It provides strong motivation and satisfaction to the leaders who dictate terms.
(iii) This style may yield better results when great speed is required

Democratic Style (let us work together)
  Under this style, a leader decentralizes and delegates high authority to his subordinates. He makes a final decision only after consultation with the subordinates. Two way communication channel is used. While delegating a lot of authorities to subordinates, he defines the limits within which people can function. Democratic leaders have a high concern for both people and work. 

ADVANTAGES
(i) This style can be particularly useful when complex decisions need to be made that require a range of specialist skills.
(ii) Job satisfaction and quality of work will improve 
Free Rein or Laissez Fair style (I go and you work)

• Laissez-faire leadership, also known as delegative leadership, is a type of leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make the decisions.


ADVANTAGES
(i)  This style brings out the best in highly professional and creative group of employees.
(ii)  Provides maximum scope for development of subordinates.
(iii)  Full utilization of the potential of subordinates.



Lecture By: Ms. Madhu Bhatia

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